Facts About Michigan

Welcome to the great state of Michigan! From the beautiful Great Lakes to the bustling cities, Michigan has something for everyone. With its rich history and diverse culture, Michigan has been a leader in the Midwest for centuries. From its iconic sports teams to its delicious cuisine, Michigan is a state with a lot to offer.



Michigan is located in the Great Lakes region of the United States. It is bordered by four of the five Great Lakes, including Lake Superior, Lake Michigan, Lake Huron, and Lake Erie. It is also bordered by the Canadian province of Ontario and the U.S. state of Wisconsin. Michigan is the only state to be bordered by four of the five Great Lakes. It is the 11th largest state in the U.S. and the largest state east of the Mississippi River. Michigan is also the only state to consist of two peninsulas, the Upper and Lower Peninsulas. The Upper Peninsula is separated from the Lower Peninsula by the Straits of Mackinac.


Michigan has a humid continental climate, with warm summers and cold winters. The Upper Peninsula is generally cooler than the Lower Peninsula, due to its higher elevation and more northern location. The average temperature in the summer is around 70°F (21°C), while the average temperature in the winter is around 20°F (-7°C). Michigan also experiences a wide range of precipitation, from snow in the winter to heavy rains in the summer.


Michigan has a varied topography, with rolling hills, forests, and lakes. The Upper Peninsula is mostly covered in forests, with some areas of rocky terrain. The Lower Peninsula is mostly flat, with some rolling hills and valleys. Michigan is home to over 11,000 inland lakes, as well as the Great Lakes. The Great Lakes are the largest group of freshwater lakes in the world, and they make up about 21% of the world's surface freshwater. Michigan also has over 3,000 miles of shoreline, making it the longest freshwater coastline in the world.


Pre-European Settlement

Prior to European settlement, Michigan was inhabited by numerous Native American tribes, including the Ojibwe, Ottawa, and Potawatomi. These tribes had a rich history and culture, and were well-established in the area for centuries before the arrival of Europeans. They relied on the land for sustenance, and developed complex systems of trade and communication. The tribes were also known for their art, including pottery, basketry, and beadwork.

European Settlement

European settlement of Michigan began in the late 17th century, with French fur traders and missionaries arriving in the area. These early settlers established trading posts and settlements, and interacted with the Native American tribes in the area. The British eventually took control of the region in the late 18th century, and the area was ceded to the United States in 1783.


Michigan officially became a state in 1837, and was the 26th state to join the Union. The state was initially divided into two parts, with the eastern portion becoming the state of Michigan and the western portion becoming the state of Wisconsin. The Michigan Territory was established in 1805, and the state constitution was adopted in 1835. In the 19th century, Michigan experienced a period of rapid growth and development, with the population increasing from just over 300,000 in 1840 to over 1.6 million in 1900.



Michigan is the tenth most populous state in the United States, with a population of approximately 9.9 million people as of 2019. The state has seen a steady growth in population since the early 2000s, with the largest population increases occurring in the metropolitan areas of Detroit, Grand Rapids, and Lansing. The population of Michigan is diverse, with the largest ethnic groups being White, African American, and Hispanic.

Major Cities

Michigan is home to several major cities, including Detroit, the largest city in the state and the largest city in the Midwest. Detroit is known for its automotive industry and cultural attractions, such as the Detroit Institute of Arts and the Motown Museum. Other major cities in Michigan include Grand Rapids, Lansing, Ann Arbor, and Flint.


The religious landscape of Michigan is varied, with the largest religious groups being Christian, Muslim, and Jewish. According to the Pew Research Center, the largest Christian denominations in Michigan are Catholic, Baptist, and Methodist. The state also has a large Muslim population, with the largest concentration of Muslims in the Detroit area. The Jewish population in Michigan is also significant, with the largest concentration of Jews in the Detroit area.


Michigan is a state located in the Midwest of the United States. It is the tenth most populous state in the country and is known for its beautiful Great Lakes coastline. The economy of Michigan is diverse and has been growing steadily in recent years.

Major Industries

The major industries in Michigan are automotive, agriculture, tourism, and manufacturing. The automotive industry is the largest and most important industry in the state, with the Detroit area being home to the headquarters of the three major American automakers. Agriculture is also a major industry in Michigan, with the state being the third largest producer of apples in the United States. Tourism is also a major industry in Michigan, with the state being home to many popular tourist attractions such as the Great Lakes, Mackinac Island, and the Sleeping Bear Dunes. Manufacturing is also a major industry in Michigan, with the state being home to many factories and industrial plants.


The taxation system in Michigan is relatively straightforward. The state has a flat income tax rate of 4.25%, with no deductions or exemptions. The state also has a 6% sales tax, which is applied to most goods and services. Property taxes are also collected in Michigan, with the rate varying depending on the county. The state also collects a use tax, which is applied to goods purchased outside of the state. Finally, Michigan has a corporate income tax rate of 6%. This rate applies to all corporations operating in the state, regardless of their size or type.



Michigan is home to a variety of musical genres and artists, from Motown to folk and rock. Detroit is known as the birthplace of Motown, a genre of popular music that emerged in the 1960s and was made famous by artists like The Supremes, The Jackson 5, and Stevie Wonder. Michigan is also home to a thriving folk music scene, with many artists performing at festivals and venues throughout the state. Michigan is also home to a wide variety of rock bands, from the classic rock of Bob Seger to the punk rock of The Stooges.


Michigan is known for its unique and delicious cuisine. The state is home to a variety of dishes, from the classic pasties of the Upper Peninsula to the coney dogs of Detroit. Michigan is also known for its craft beer, with many breweries located throughout the state. Michigan is also home to a variety of wineries, with many offering tastings and tours.


Michigan is home to a variety of professional and collegiate sports teams. The Detroit Tigers are one of the oldest teams in Major League Baseball, and the Detroit Lions are one of the oldest teams in the NFL. Michigan is also home to the Detroit Red Wings, one of the most successful teams in the NHL. The University of Michigan and Michigan State University both have successful football and basketball programs, and the state is home to a variety of minor league teams.

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